Woolen Mill Bobbins #14029
These are spindles and quills of rough yarn that go into a very old set of looms in a water powered woolen mill that still runs in Pennsylvania, although today electric motors power the leather belts that make the machinery turn. The mill is so old they made woolen blankets for the Union Army during the Civil War which were very similar in the broad weave and texture to the one in the picture. The looms run a variety of patterns using a punch card system, an early form of computing which only a few people in the world can use, understand, or repair today. Today this mill makes reproduction military blankets for Civil War reenactors and collectors a few times a year, and the entire site and machinery are a throwback window into our industrial past.
There yarn shown here is shipped in these days, but long ago the many shepherds nearby would send their sheared wool here to be made into yarn, and then into blankets and other woolen items. With the exception of importing the yarn nowadays, the process and the old machinery hasn't changed much at all in close to two centuries. It's amazing that it still exists and runs. See it on Facebook as the Waterside Woolen Mill for location and hours to visit.
The outside main door of the mill, which is set into the thick gray fieldstone foundation walls dating from the 1830's, can be seen elsewhere on the website as Lucky Welcome, #14030. There is more information there as well.